Posts Tagged ‘payments’

What exactly is a Credit Score? (part 3)

January 26, 2010

In part 1, we covered what information was included in your credit report.  Part 2 revealed the components of your credit score and how much each one contributed to your overall score.  Part 3, covers how to manage your credit.

Part 3 – How do I build good credit?

Your buying, and more importantly payment habits, have a direct impact on your credit rating.  Your rating, or credit score, is based on payment history.  The better you are at paying your debt obligations as agreed and when agreed, the higher score you will receive.  Here are 10 tips to establishing and maintaining good credit.

1.  Apply for a credit card.  Creditors want to know you can not only handle debt, but also different types of debt obligations.  This is not a free pass to open an account with every retailer in the mall however.  Limit yourself to no more than 2-4 cards and make your payments on time and for at least the minimum amount each month.  Your credit cards are to be used to maintain or to build credit, not as a way to live beyond your income level.

2.  Make all your payments on time.  As mentioned above, the due date is when your payment must be received, not postmarked.  If this is a challenge for you, consider automatic bill payment.  This is now offered by most creditors, utility companies and banks at no additional cost.

 3.  Avoid late fees.  Late fees are a key indicator that your money is controlling you, not the other way around.  Be advised though, that just because you are not being charged a late fee, does not mean your creditor does not consider your payment late.  Watch your due dates.  (Can you tell timeliness is rather crucial?)

 4.  Stay current.  If you have had a problem and are behind in payments, get current and stay current.  Call your creditor and talk to them.  They are willing to work with you, but they are not mind readers.  They cannot help if they don’t know what is going on.  Most creditors these days would rather receive some payment than nothing at all.  Communication is key, along with a willingness to make an attempt at repayment.  This step can often avoid an account going into collections.

5.  Keep your credit balances at less than 50% of the limit.  This is crucial!  A little known secret here, whether or not you pay off the balance of your card each month, keeping your balance to nothing higher than 50% of the credit limit shows you have available credit.  Available credit means you are most likely not overextended, and that can mean low credit risk.

6.  Do not open new cards as a means to increase available credit.  It is far better to manage a few accounts successfully, than to have several accounts with little to no activity.  Remember the idea is to prove you can manage your finances, not that you can open accounts.

7.  Review your credit annually.  Knowing what your creditors are reporting helps you avoid surprises or potential problems.  It is not uncommon to find errors on your credit report. 

8.  Establish a budget.  Despite how some may feel, ‘budget’ is not a four-letter word.  It is a plan for you to control your money so that it does not control you. Non-mortgage debt should not be more than 20 – 30% of your gross monthly income.

9.   Ask for help if you need it. No one is perfect or has all the answers.  If creating a realistic, working financial plan seems out of reach, ask for help.  Consider contacting a reputable credit counseling organization with trained advisors in this area.  Do not be confused with a Credit Repair Company though.  Many offer claims to remove information from your credit report.  You cannot remove truthful information.  Time is your ally for credit mistakes. 

10.  Start now.  Just because your credit has been a problem does not mean that all hope is lost.  You can have great credit again – just start.  Pay all your bills on time, every time, as agreed.


What exactly is a Credit Score (part2)

January 22, 2010

Last time we gave you some information on what components are included on your credit report.  This time we’ll dive a little deeper.

Part 2 – How is a credit score determined?

Have you ever wondered how that three digit number that so much of your life depends on these days is reached?  While no one outside of the organization that designed the number knows exactly, some basic information is known. 

Your credit score is a complex mathematical model designed by the folks at the Fair Isaac Corporation (FICO).  Three different credit bureaus use the data collected to determine an actual score based on this model.  The data is reported by creditors to these agencies – Equifax Credit Information Services, Experian and Trans Union National Disclosure Center.  (You can find links to these agencies on our website.)  A credit score can range from 300 – 850 where, the higher your score the less risk you represent.

Your score is based on five criteria that carry a different ‘weight’ in relation to the whole score.     

1)      Your history of payments accounts for 35% of your total score.  Payment history covers how you pay your bills and if there have been any collections, bankruptcies or judgments. 

2)      The balance and available credit on your accounts factor 30% into your score.  An account near the credit limit poses a much higher risk than one at less than 50% of the limit.

3)      The length of history on any account has a 15% weight.  The longer an account has been open and active, the more time you have had to ‘prove’ yourself. 

4)      The number and type of credit you have accounts for 10%.  More open accounts, has a potential for greater debt and therefore a lower score.  More variety of accounts though can show more experience with different types of credit and generally a higher score.

5)      New credit accounts for the remaining 10%.  Brand new accounts often signify new debt.  Multiple inquiries within a short timeframe can also indicate you are looking into taking on debt. 

In general, lagging payments and multiple new accounts can indicate a problem and therefore reduce your credit score.  The better you are at managing your finances and paying bills as expected, the lower risk you are and that translates into a higher credit score.